• Welcome to FracFocus 2.0! We're excited about our latest upgrades designed to dramatically enhance the site's functionality for the public, state regulatory agencies and industry users. Our user-friendly 'Find A Well' chemical disclosure registry now includes more extensive search options.

    FracFocus continues to evolve and expand, adding more participating companies and reported wells from across the country. Our continued success is the result of nationally recognized organizations working with state governments and the oil and natural gas industry to provide public transparency.

    Find Out More
  • This technique uses a specially blended liquid which is pumped into a well under extreme pressure causing cracks in rock formations underground. These cracks in the rock then allow oil and natural gas to flow, increasing resource production.

    Learn More About Casing
  • Casing is the multiple layers of steel and cement inside the drilled hole used to protect water aquifers. The specific length, thickness, strength and composition of casing is regulated at the state level.

    Learn More About Casing
    Illustration Courtesy of the Texas Oil & Gas Association.
  • Use the interactive map to find regulations per state as well as contact information for groundwater protection and oil and natural gas production.

    Find Regulations Now

Groundwater Protection: Priority Number One

Oil and natural gas producers have stringent requirements for how wells must be completed. The genesis of these requirements is water safety.

Casing is the first line of defense used to protect freshwater aquifers.

More About Groundwater Protection »


Find Well

Search for nearby well sites that have been hydraulically fractured to see what chemicals were used in the process.

85659
FAQs
  • What is Hydraulic Fracturing?

    Hydraulic fracturing, commonly referred to as fracing, is the process of creating small cracks, or fractures, in underground geological formations to allow natural gas to flow into the wellbore and on to the surface where the gas is collected and prepared for sale to a wide variety of consumers.

    During the fracing process, a mixture of water, sand and other chemical additives designed to protect the integrity of the geological formation and enhance production is pumped under high pressure into the shale formation to create small fractures.

    The newly created fractures are “propped” open by the sand, which allows the natural gas to flow into the wellbore where it is collected at the surface and subsequently delivered to a wide range group of consumers.   Read more...

  • What happens to chemicals after they are pumped downhole?

    Chemicals used in hydraulic fracturng are often transformed or degraded by their interaction with formations and formation fluids.  For many chemicals of concern a recent presentation made by Dr. Angus McGrath of the environmental consulting company Stantec entitled "Fate and Transport of Select Compounds of Interest in Fracing Fluids" describes the fate of chemicals.  It is available on the USEPA website at

    http://www.epa.gov/hfstudy/fateandtransportofselectcompoundsofinterestinfracingfluids.pdf

  • Is my groundwater safe to use?

    This depends upon many factors including:

    1. The level of chemicals in the groundwater; whether naturally occurring or introduced. (NOTE: The Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) for drinking water was established by the EPA and can be found on their website at: http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/index.cfm .  It is important to note, however, that not all chemicals, compounds or elements have an MCL.  For example natural gas does not have an MCL; and
    2. Your individual tolerance to some chemicals.  While some chemicals such as Benzene can be toxic to everyone in quantities as low as a few parts per billion, the toxicity of other additives depends upon the individual.  For example, some people are sensitive to Sodium due to conditions like high blood pressure.  Consequently, a tolerable level of sodium for them might be lower than for a person without a similar condition.  However, only you and your doctor can determine a safe level of exposure for you.  To see a more comprehensive evaluation of chemical toxicity you should visit the website of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Integrated Risk Assessment System (IRIS); and
    3. The use to which the groundwater is put (e.g. will it be used for human consumption, livestock consumption, irrigation, washing or bathing etc…). 

    The best way to determine if your groundwater is fit for its intended use is to have it analyzed by an accredited laboratory for all constituents of concern and to have that analysis evaluated by a qualified professional such as a toxicologist.  You can often obtain a list of accredited laboratories from your County Extension Agent, State Water Quality Agency or local Health Department.

     

All FAQs »

10/22/2014 FracFocus Help Desk now available

FracFocus has instituted a Help Desk to address any issues you may have in using the system.  You can reach the Help Desk Monday-Thursday from 8 AM to 5 PM and on Friday from 8 AM to 4 PM CDT at 405-607-6808.

Ground Water Protection Council Interstate Oil and Gas